A distinction is often made between music performed for a live audience and music that is performed in a studio so that it can be recorded and distributed through the music retail system or the broadcasting system. Music theory, when it was something other than the exposition of a prevalent or emerging style, was likely to be a technical manual guiding vocal or instrumental performance, a set of directions for meeting current exigencies in church or theatre practice, or a missive advocating reforms.
Music on Main has produced more than 250 events featuring in excess of 700 musicians and more than 50 world premieres at Heritage Hall on Main Street, the now-closed Cellar Restaurant and Jazz Club in Kitsilano, and venues throughout Metro Vancouver.
The development of the string quartet from the 1760s is among the century’s most important musical achievements, with the quartets of Haydn and Mozart the best known among a field of composers that included the Chevalier de Saint-Georges (c. 1739-1799) and François Joseph Gossec (1734-1829) in Paris, Carl Friedrich Abel (1723-1787) in London, and the Italian Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805).
In identifying the chief points of view that have emerged, it must be emphasized that there are no completely isolated categories, and there is usually considerable overlapping; a single spokesman, the 19th-century English psychologist Edmund Gurney (1847-88), for example, may incorporate formalist , symbolist , expressionist , and psychological elements, in varying proportions, to explain the phenomenon of music.
In the 1950s and 1960s, composers such as Karlheinz Stockhausen experimented with electronic music , using electronic circuits, amplifiers and loudspeakers In the 1970s, composers began using electronic synthesizers and musical instruments from rock and roll music, such as the electric guitar They used these new instruments to make new sounds.