Music is a form of art which plays an important part of our everyday life. If you are on the subway in some large cities, you might hear musicians busking (playing in public places) and give them a donation if you like their music. Island of Eight Million Smiles: Idol Performance and Symbolic Production in Contemporary Japan (Harvard University Asia Center, 2005).
What he distrusted most about music was its wordlessness; he considered it useful for enjoyment but negligible in the service of culture. While the musical life of each colonist depended on socio-economic factors, religious beliefs, and geographical location, there was much crossover of musical traditions.
And I want an answer that makes predictions about music (and for bonus points, it should make predictions about other things besides music). Possibly one of the more ludicrous studies in this list, the University of Minnesota has found that listening to rock music makes you racist.
At big dances, however, the listeners are also the dancers who express the music rhythmically. AMTA promotes a vast amount of research exploring the benefits of music as therapy through publication of the Journal of Music Therapy, Music Therapy Perspectives and other sources.
In ancient times, such as with the Ancient Greeks , the aesthetics of music explored the mathematical and cosmological dimensions of rhythmic and harmonic organization. And each type of music is again characteristic by certain degrees of these above mentioned qualities.