TheJazz Age Lawn Party is New York City’s original prohibition era inspired gathering. A distinctive European contemporary jazz (often incorporating elements of free jazz but not limited to it) also flourished because of the emergence of European musicians such as Peter Brötzmann , John Surman , Zbigniew Namysłowski , Albert Mangelsdorff , Kenny Wheeler , and Mike Westbrook , who were anxious to develop new approaches reflecting their national and regional musical cultures and contexts.
The genre’s origins lie in seminal work by John Coltrane , Miles Davis , Bill Evans , Charles Mingus , Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock Generally, the term post-bop is taken to mean jazz from the mid-sixties onward that assimilates influence from hard bop , modal jazz , the avant-garde , and free jazz , without necessarily being immediately identifiable as any of the above.
Beberapa peneliti mengatakan bahwa jazz dixie, tidak dimainkan dengan menggunakan drum sebagai pengatur ritme musik, melainkan menggunakan semacam kayu bergerigi seperti alas pencuci pakaian, ditambah beberapa brass-section ( alat musik tiup ) antara lain, trumpet, trombone, dan clarinet.
Despite the fact that a limited set of instruments was available to black musicians (at that time, typically, cornet , clarinet , trombone , tuba or bass , piano , banjo , and drums —the saxophone did not become common in jazz for about another decade), they arrived at a brilliant solution emphasizing independent but harmonically linked and simultaneous lines.
For example, four-part realisation of song book harmony e.g. I Remember You and the formal design of common chord sequences such as the II V I and its variations Through the analysis of standard jazz repertoire, students will examine form and gain an understanding of chord/scale relationships.